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It is usually hooked as a side drip in a mainline. If the blood pressure is below 100/60 or heart rate is less than 60, you wouldn’t give it. Assess pulses frequently, medicine may cause hypokalemia. A small bleb should be formed as a sign of successful administration. STAT- immediately. I am heading into 2nd semester Med-Surg rotations, knowing that our knowledge of meds is going to go through the roof. Schizophrenia. Before crushing drugs and mixing them in applesauce, make sure that this practice is not contraindicated to the drug’s efficacy. Medications come in different kinds and forms. NURSING.com is the BEST place to learn nursing. This post will help you familiarize yourself with the common antidotes that are used in the hospital setting. • Tablet – a powdered drug preparation compressed into a hard disc.• Capsule – a powdered or gel-type drug enclosed in a gelatinous container.• Sustained-release – a tablet formulated with special coating to allow controlled-release of the drug in the digestive tract.• Suspension – one or a combination of two or more drugs dissolved in water.• Syrup – a drug dissolved in thick and sweet solution to mask unpleasant taste. . Feel Like You Don’t Belong in Nursing School? Administering the wrong preparation may cause delayed or negative results when administered to the patient. Beta blockers NCLEX questions for nursing students! Drugs are given in varied ways to maximize effectiveness and efficiency. A small needle is used to administer the drug into the subcutaneous tissue. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. • Syrup – a drug dissolved in a thick and sweet solution to mask any unpleasant taste. Tell your patient everything they need to know about the drug. For this reason, mastering every little detail about medication preparation and administration is essential in improving your skill competency as a nurse. . #9 Critical Care ACLS Guide offers an at-a-glance guide to reading EKGs, administering correct dosages, and avoiding dangerous drug interactions for patients who need life support. All of your fluids NS 0.9, Dextrose 5% NS 0.9, Lactated Ringers. Please speak to your doctor or nurse if you have questions about your medications. The drug is given just underneath the skin layer. For example, if you were asked to administer Furosemide or Captopril, you should check for the patient’s blood pressure level first. Always have them tell you their full name. Lab Values: 63 Must Know Labs for Nurses by Jon Haws Paperback $9.99. Long-term nursing a not an easy field, but comes with many rewards as well as challenges. Check digitalis and potassium levels. Clear, Concise, Visual Nursing School Supplement. But not anymore! CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. • Lyophilized – lyophilized drugs are stored in cartridges, vials, prefilled mixing systems, and dual-chamber syringes. Hydroxyzine (Vistaril) —Treatment of anxiety and itching. Aspirin or acetylsalicylic acid (acetosal) is a drug in the family of salicylates, often used as an analgesic (against minor pains and aches), antipyretic (against fever), and anti-inflammatory. Your job doesn’t end with drug administration. Have second nurse double check before administering medication to pt. A parenteral drug preparation needs to be reconstituted to be administered directly to the vein or to the IV line. All references to such names or trademarks not owned by NRSNG, LLC or TazKai, LLC are solely for identification purposes and not an indication of affiliation. OD- once a day Take only with plain water. Must be diluted in at least 50 ml prior to administration. Rate should be set at 2.5-10 mcg/kg/minute. The MAR contains the name of the patient, the name and dosage of the medication to be administered, frequency/time of administration, and the method of introducing the drug into the patient's body (route of administration). As a nurse, you should always know the rationale behind the physician’s order for it. The term antidote is a Greek word meaning “given against”. TID- three times a day • Gel – a sticky substance that liquefies upon skin contact. When giving an unfamiliar medication, it is best to read a drug handbook first before administration. The syringe is tilted in a 45-degree angle to successfully inject the drug into the fatty layer of the skin. Arming yourself with the right knowledge is your best protection against the possibility of committing medication errors in the future. Details nursing considerations in flash card format. Not all parenteral drugs can be given through IV push and some preparations need to be administered slowly. The most common routes of drug administrations have been discussed earlier. Nursing homes have moved away from nebulizers such as Albuterol and Duonebs and switched to MDI devices for delivery of medication. A nurse’s shift never ends without preparing and giving medications to patients. Overall. -name of the drug By sticking the adhesive patch into the skin, the medication is absorbed transdermally. Here are the eight “rights” that you need to remember when giving medications to your patients: Read and re-read the medication’s label before administration. In this section of the NCLEX-RN examination, you will be expected to demonstrate your knowledge and skills of medication administration in order to: When he's not busting out content for NURSING.com, Jon enjoys spending time with his two kids and wife. Don’t rely on the names written on the bed or room door. • Ointment – A combination of 80% oil and 20% water, ointments are effective against moisture loss. -prescribe dosage I wish nursing schools would focus on teaching those things that would actually make a difference in the quality of care a student will actually provide to patients. • Capsule – a powdered or gel-type drug enclosed in a gelatinous container. I have a few weeks to try to get started, and wanted to memorize the top 20, most commonly used in a med-surg environment drugs. Check for drug incompatibilities especially when giving it through the intravenous route. Before giving any drug to your patient, it’s important to assess his or her condition first. Frustrated with the nursing education process, Jon started NURSING.com in 2014 with a desire to provide tools and confidence to nursing students around the globe. Check the following: . Never ask a yes or no question when verifying your patient’s identity. The transdermal route enables drug absorption in the skin. We have created a list of the most popular prescribed medications in UK hospitals. ♥ Connect with NurseBuff on Facebook, Pinterest, and Twitter! As a rule of thumb, you should never give any medicine when you’re not sure what it’s for. This medication has a very short life, normally about 10 seconds. This item: 140 Must Know Meds: Demolish Nursing Pharmacology by Jon Haws Paperback $9.99. An antidote is a substance that can counteract a form of poisoning. The syringe is tilted in a 15-degree angle to inject the drug directly under the skin. Knowledge of medications is one of the key aspects of their training. We take a look at the 100 most-prescribed medications in hospitals around the UK. Method for Mastering Nursing Pharmacology, 39 Things Every Nursing Student Needs Before Starting School. -doctor’s signature. To ensure continuity of care, you need to document everything medically relevant about the patient that you observed before, during, and after drug administration. That Time I Dropped Out of Nursing School. 140 Must Know Meds: Demolish Nursing Pharmacology Audible Audiobook – Unabridged Jon Haws (Author), Eddie Leonard Jr. (Narrator), NRSNG, LLC (Publisher) & 0 more 4.4 out of 5 stars 582 ratings Your patient has autonomy. Although most residents are elderly, many are younger. In this episode we discuss the 50 Must Know Medications for nurses . tions, should be part of every nurse’s professional development. FREE Shipping on orders over $25.00. BID- twice a day . The patient will just need to take the drug by mouth and ingest it. In cases such as these, you might need to start another IV line. 3 out of 5 stars 3.1 out of 5.0 5 Stars 5 4 Stars 1 3 Stars 0 2 Stars 2 1 Stars 4 Performance. Overview of the Nursing Process The nursing process is a systematic, rational, and continuous method of planning, providing, and evaluating individualized nursing care to optimize the administration of medications. You have the authority, based on your state nurse practice act, to prescribe medications for the patients for whom you provide care. QID- four times a day Pharmacology is one of the biggest components of our job as nurses and it is vital that we understand it well. • Cream – a combination of oil and water in equal proportions that penetrates the stratum corneum well. Of those ER visits, 12.3 million will end up admitted to the hospital and 1.5 million will result in admission to a critical care unit. this is the perfect book for you! and, of course, we actually have a cheat sheet on the topic at: NURSING.com/50meds. Here are the most common types of drug preparations: • Tablet – a powdered drug preparation compressed into a hard disc. Pediatric and geriatric patients usually have difficulty swallowing medications. Aluminum Hydroxide (Amphojel) —Treatment of GERD and kidney stones. For many nurses medications and pharmacology can be a difficult subject. -frequency of administration . The National Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention defines a medication error as “any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication use or patient harm while the medication is in the control of the health care professional, patient, or consumer. The syringe is tilted in a 90-degree angle to inject the medication directly to the muscle. But not anymore! . Know the standard timing and their Latin abbreviations. Jon Haws RN began his nursing career at a Level I Trauma ICU in DFW working as a code team nurse, charge nurse, and preceptor. Schizophrenia is a mental disorder where the patient lives in his own unreal world. • Liquid- liquid drugs for parenteral administration are stored in ampoules, vials, IV bags, prefilled syringes, and cartridges. 5 Steps to Writing a (kick ass) Nursing Care Plan, Dear Other Guys, Stop Scamming Nursing Students, The S.O.C.K. The nurse should be aware of how the drug works, why it is ordered, nursing implications, adverse reactions, and how to teach the patient how to take the medication. #8 Med Mnemonics is another helpful app for nursing students and working nurses alike. These drugs are freeze-dried and needed to be reconstituted before administration. Nursing Implications & teaching:Take first thing in the AM, before eating anything; then pt MUST remain upright for at least 30 mins! 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