... OTHER QUIZLET SETS. Originall…, Lincoln's statement affirming the abolition of slavery as a wa…, The plan to rebuild the South after the Civil War and extend t…, This abolished slavery in the United States and provides that…, Gilded Age Politics & Policies | APUSH Period 6 (1865-1900) | AP US History, 11.1: Political Ideas, Leaders & Parties in the…, 11.2: Domestic Policy in the Gilded Age | APUSH…, 11.3: Indian Relations in the Gilded Age | APUSH…, Congress orchestrated a two-part compromise, granting Missouri…, A law passed as part of the Compromise of 1850, which provided…, The Act of Congress in 1854 annulling the Missouri Compromise,…, (1857) *5th Amendment Property Rights... Court rules that a slave…, American Revolution & Early Years of the Republic | APUSH Period 3 | AP US History, 3.1: Early Stages of the Revolution | APUSH Per…, 3.2: Winning the Revolutionary War | APUSH Peri…, 3.3: Articles of Confederation | APUSH Period 3…, Which of the following excerpts from the Gettysburg Address co…, Which of the following is not a reason Lincoln gave the Gettys…, What does Lincoln mean when he says soldiers gave "the last fu…, What is the "unfinished work" Lincoln is referring to in the G…. Deadly pandemic that killed about 20-50 million people worldwide. But prior to the Industrial Revolution, the British textile business was a true âcottage industry,â with the work performed in small workshops or even homes by individual spinners, weavers and dyers. Reform movements have been an important part of the United States history. Confederation o…, they placed limits on the powers of the government, statement of grievances against the King of England, French and Indian War → passage of Stamp Act → Battle of Sarat…, he proposed using DC electricity to provide power for home and…. 1848: Declaration marking the beginning of the women's rights movement. It made "gay pride" come alive. Supported instances such as the Monkey Trial. why were utopian communities established: Definition. It looks like your browser needs an update. Much of the inspiration for them came from young, college-trained, Protestant women from affluent backgrounds. Many wives believed that alcohol was a threat to family because it could cause violence and economic issues. the American colonies should break away... from England, exposed fundamental weakness of the government under the Artic…, Millionaire tycoon who made his riches in the steel industry, Developed an efficient technique for transforming iron into st…, Theory that justified big companies buying up small companies, Perfected the light bulb at his research lab in Menlo Park, Ne…, Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and ar…, citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, c…, Only 3/5 of the states slave population counted toward represe…, the Great Plains filled rapidly so that there was soon no unex…, people wanted to connect the west coast, especially California…, land grants allowed the railroad to pass through territory and…, the loan amounts varied based upon the difficulty of laying tr…, He did not agree with punishing people for breaking the rules…. Leaders of the Second Awakened believed that their followers had responsibility to improve life on earth, through reform. Requirements for those receiving time-limited benefits key element of legislation. Subject. Choose from 500 different sets of reform us history flashcards on Quizlet. Developed by Dr. Jonas Salk. God had chosen certain people to go to heaven. chapter 2 concept check quiz. Scopes was found guilty by WJ Bryan. Cards Return to Set Details. Social reform movements involve the marginalized group and the activists in an effort to change political policy while bringing public awareness to the issue through protests, amended legislature and the media. This caused a culture war between modernism and the fundamentalists. 1783, 50 U.S.C. It led to an increase in crime and violence(which it was supposed to reduce). They supported WWI because they believed it would help them gain suffrage. US History. This term applies to newspaper reporters and other writers who pointed out the social problems of the era of big business. They also examined polution issues and provided standards for major reductions in automobile emissions. Passed by Congress in 1991, this act banned discrimination against the disabled in employment and mandated easy access to all public and commerical buildings. Start studying Reform Movements in American History. 1647: First public education legislation in America. As a result, new safety laws were created to help protect factory workers. Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1920) extended the right to vote to women in federal or state elections. Learn religion reform us history with free interactive flashcards. This went against traditional values. Still in existence as the FDA. They organized politically in 1912 to support the Progressive Party ticket of Theodore Roosevelt and again in 1924 to push the independent presidential candidacy of Robert LaFollette. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Independent U.S. government agency established in 1958 for research and development of vehicles and activities for aeronautics and space exploration. These women rebelled against being relegated solely to the roles of wife and mother. First significant civil rights legislation since Reconstruction. 1961:, Group of civil rights workers who took bus trips through southern states in 1961 to protest illegal bus segregation, Soldiers escort Black students to White school that refused integration, a period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished, 1909:, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; worked for racial equality, September 22, 1862 - Lincoln freed all slaves in the states that had seceded. New Deal, domestic program of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt between 1933 and 1939, which took action to bring about immediate economic relief from the Great Depression as well as reforms in industry, agriculture, and finance, vastly increasing the scope of the federal governmentâs activities. Required drugs to meet the standards in the United States Pharmacopeia. It also supported the sterilization of the "feeble-minded" and those with inherited diseases. 1941"(FEPC) aimed at insuring morale and maximum use of labor force by preventing employer discrimination against workers because of race or religion. Not all reformers were influenced by religion. The efforts of this committee laid the foundation for the Civil Rights movement of the 1950's. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Learn reform us history with free interactive flashcards. A vaccine consisting of inactivated polioviruses, used to immunize against a disease that cause the victim to become paralyzed. When people, usually women, tried to end the sale of alcohol. Hundreds of workers raced for exits, only to find them locked. The Reform Era | APUSH Period 4 (1800-1848) | AP US History, 7.1: Abolitionist Reform Movements | Reform Era…, 7.2: Abolitionist Writers & Their Works | Reform…, 7.3: Second Great Awakening & Transcendentalism…, Unit 3 (Years 1754-1800) APUSH | AP US History Guide, They were founded by anti-slavery activists in 1854. Slaves converted to Christianity during the 2nd Great Awakening when they attended church on plantations. It was based on the literal reading of the bible and rejected evolution. 33. Basic education in literacy and numeracy was widely available, especially to white males residing in the northern and middle colonies, and the literacy rate was relatively high among these people. Laws passed included fire drills, automatic sprinklers and no smoking rules. Protestors saw the attacks as an escalation of the war. Oh no! Prior to the first and second Industrial Revolutions, education opportunities in the 13 colonies during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries varied considerably depending on oneâs location, race, gender, and social class. Despite public support, the amendment failed to acquire the necessary support from three-fourths of the state legislatures. A constitutional amendment originally introduced in Congress in 1923 and passed by Congress in 1972, stating that "equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex." 1955-1956: A boycott of bus services in Montgomery, AL led by Martin Luther King, Jr. This movement led to the passage of the 18th Amendment in 1920. It gave the Federal Courts the power to register Black voters and provided for voting referees who served wherever there was racial discrimination in voting, making sure Whites did not try to stop Blacks from voting. Under Clinton administration. Reform definition is - to put or change into an improved form or condition. Response to Upton Sinclair's "The Jungle". 36) is a United States federal law that establishes procedures for the physical and electronic surveillance and collection of "foreign intelligence information" between "foreign powers" and "agents of foreign powers" suspected of espionage or terrorism. 1916: A militant feminist group led by Alice Paul that argued the Nineteenth Amendment was not adequate enough to protect women's rights. White supremacist group who wanted to keep America white. The abolitionist movement was the effort to end slavery, led by famous abolitionists like Frederick Douglass, Harriet Tubman, Sojourner Truth and John Brown. Free blacks established independent black churches to seperate themselves from Slave owner's social control. Forbade the manufacture or sale of mislabeled or adulterated food or drugs, it gave the government broad powers to ensure the safety and efficacy of drugs in order to abolish the "patent" drug trade. Reform movement begun in the 1800's that fought to ban alcohol in the U.S. Was intended to protect the right of African American's to vote. Common Cause wins concrete, pro-democracy reforms that break down barriers to participation, ensure each of us has an equal voice and vote, and rebuild trust in our government. It broke out in the Triangle Shirtwaist factory, a sweatshop in NYC. A reform movement is a type of social movement that aims to bring a social or political system closer to the community's ideal. The rebels, referred to by Westerners as Boxers because they performed physical exercises they believed would make them able to withstand bullets, killed foreigners anâ¦ 1935: Guaranteed retirement payments for enrolled workers beginning at age 65; set up federal-state system of unemployment insurance and care for dependent mothers and children, the handicapped, and public health, Also known as Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 gave money to veternas to study in colleges, universities, gave medical treatment, loans to buy a house or farm or start a new business. asking questions about a particular source, including: Who cre…, evidence that confirms or supports a statement, theory, or fin…, the state of being equal, especially in status, rights, and op…, 1870s - 1890s; time period looked good on the outside, despite…. This movement led to the passage of the 18th Amendment in 1920. Ended after about a year after the Supreme court ruled segregated buses were unconstitutional. It transferred responsibility for welfare to block grants to states through the Temp. Political machine, in U.S. politics, a party organization, headed by a single boss or small autocratic group, that commands enough votes to maintain political and administrative control of a city, county, or state. Helped promote science and math in education. Reform definition: Reform consists of changes and improvements to a law, social system, or institution. Accepting the risk of starting and running a business. Reform Bill, any of the British parliamentary bills that became acts in 1832, 1867, and 1884â85 and that expanded the electorate for the House of Commons and rationalized the representation of that body. an instance of this. 1965, (LBJ) , 1965 act which guaranteed the right to vote to all Americans no matter what race or sex, and allowed the federal government to intervene in order to ensure that minorities could vote. They believed they needed a more constitutional amendment that would clearly provide legal protection of their rights and prohibit sex-based discrimination. A propaganda character designed to increase production of female workers in the factories during WWII. Progressivism, in the United States, political and social-reform movement that brought major changes to American politics and government during the first two decades of the 20th century. Progressive supportersâ concerns varied widely, but the reform movement focused primarily on social issues relâ¦ Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act (1996). John Scopes was arrested for teaching his high school students Charles Darwin's theory on evolution. It became a rallying symbol for women to do their part during. 1883: Ended spoil system and put federal employees in the merit system. he was backed by the inventions of Albert Einstein. The term was first coined by Theodore Roosevelt. The reformers were often nourished by Anabaptist rootsâespecially Baptist or Quakerâor by a form of faith that was essentially a moralizing Puritanism stood on its head, which is to say, Unitarianism, whose forebears were strict Puritans, but who had concluded to reform its doctrine of "endless misery," into an optimistic one of a progressively more joyful heaven on earth. Synonym Discussion of reform. What played a key role in inspiring thousands of Americans to try to reform society? Also said there could be no discrimination against race, color, sex, religion, or national origin. Busi 1301 Chapter 02: Concept Check Quiz. Many were simply moved by the suffering they saw. They used tactics such as Hunger strikes, public demonstrations, and acts of civil disobedience. He established a new colony in Rhode Island. Summary and Definition: The Relief, Recovery and Reform programs, known as the 'Three R's', were introduced by President Franklin D. Roosevelt during the Great Depression to address the problems of mass unemployment and the economic crisis. Also created the US commission on Civil Rights to investigate allegations of denial of voting rights. Social reform is a movement that seeks to change the social and political views of marginalized groups. Preview this quiz on Quizizz. Created the Dep. A process for making steel more efficiently, patented in 1856. Educatioâ¦ Assistance for Needy Family program. : social reform; spelling reform. The main objectives of the Progressive movement were addressing problems caused by industrialization, urbanization, immigration, and political corruption.The movement primarily targeted political machines and their bosses. He believed that the mentally ill "differ from us in degree, but not in â¦ 1925: Trial about teaching evolution in schools. Also known as NASA. America moves west after the Civil Wa…, Grassland of Central North America that extends from the Missi…, Was a law that provided 160 acres to anyone who was willing to…, As a demand for beef increased, cowboys drove herds of cattle…, This company was granted a southern tract from Cape Fear to Lo…, Establish a colony on the coast of Maine. noun the improvement or amendment of what is wrong, corrupt, unsatisfactory, etc. Established by middle-class reformers; were intended to help the largely immigrant poor cope with the harsh conditions of city life. The American Association for Labor Legislation ... For an overview of this era in health reform history, please see p. 4-5 of National Health Insurance: A Brief History Of Reform Efforts In The U.S. Contributed to the ERA and 19th Amendment. A major reform of the welfare system during Clinton's presidency. How to use reform in a sentence. Browse. 1969: Police raid in New York against a homosexual community. Drafted by Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, they wanted the declaration to be expanded to: "all men and women are created equal". 95â511, 92 Stat. of Enery(1977). Faith Christian School/ Karen Crone/ US History/ Chapter 9 religion and reform test. United States - United States - An age of reform: Historians have labeled the period 1830â50 an âage of reform.â At the same time that the pursuit of the dollar was becoming so frenzied that some observers called it the countryâs true religion, tens of thousands of Americans joined an array of movements dedicated to spiritual and secular uplift. All other immigrants to ensure the best experience, please update your browser to ban alcohol in the.... Charles Darwin 's theory on evolution for major reductions in automobile emissions FISA... Ratified 1933, repeals 18th amendment -- Prohibition equivalent of war '' that reducing. In socially useful ways middle-class reformers ; were intended to protect the right to vote the! 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