, From 29 December 2015, the Tamil Nadu state government began a massive slum clearance programme, demolishing dozens of illegally constructed dwellings in the Saidapet area of Chennai. Cyclone Nivar led to flooding in Chennai, also known as the Detroit of India because of the large number of automobile factories nearby. Chennai residents set up a temporary website to crowd source information about people needing help and about those who were ready to help. “We could not check if water level was increasing in Cooum.  As intermittent rains returned, thousands of displaced residents from Chennai, Kancheepuram and Tiruvallur districts attempted to flee the stricken region by bus or train and travel to their family homes. , As of 4 December 81 people were reported to have been killed by flooding in the state, while over 14,000 people had been evacuated to relief camps in Nellore and Chittoor districts.  He subsequently clarified his position on the Tamil Nadu floods in a written statement addressed to the Rajya Sabha.  According to Naidu, Nellore district was the most seriously affected, reporting an estimated ₹13.95 billion (US$196 million) worth of losses, followed by Chittoor district, which reported losses of ₹8.18 billion (US$115 million). Cyclone Nivar: ‘We Moved to Terrace as Water Flooded My Home’ Chennai was on the verge of the same scenario as in 2015. , With the return of flooding and rains on 30 November, Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi assured all possible help to Tamil Nadu on 1 December.  For the first time since its founding in 1878, the major newspaper The Hindu did not publish a print edition on 2 December, as workers were unable to reach the press building. announces Rs. , On 24 November, it was reported over 4800 hectares of farmland had been flooded, though it remained too early to determine the extent of crop damage. We could not monitor if the rainwater entered our homes. "We stand with the people of Tamil Nadu during [this] time of [its] worst floods, one of the worst times ever [for the state]," Fadnavis said. A very severe cyclonic storm, Cyclone Nivar is the second cyclone to Opposition party Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) donated ₹10 million (US$140,200) to the state government on behalf of the party. The government further announced that the rehoused residents would receive an allowance of ₹30,000 (US$421) a year to help them resettle. , The Chennai Corporation said civic construction projects totalling ₹4 billion (US$56 million) and halted by the floods would resume in earnest, and would be completed by 29 February 2016. , Apart from basic necessities, fuel supplies and travel were greatly affected, especially in Chennai. They were given food thrice a day, with children given milk; blankets were also provided. Kadapa district was also seriously affected, with extensive crop damage reported in East and West Godavari districts and a lesser scale of damage in Anantapur, Prakasam and Krishna districts.  Nestlé, Coca-Cola, PepsiCo, ITC, MTR, Britannia and Parle contributed thousands of instant meals, boxes of biscuits and 1-litre water bottles, along with tonnes of milk products and coffee; other major corporations, including Hyundai and Hindustan Unilever, donated vehicles and hundreds of thousands of food and medicine packets and actively aided with rescue efforts across the state. The system dropped 490 mm of rainfall at Tambaram in 24 hours starting 8:30 am on 1 December.  On 3 December, Chief Minister Chandrababu Naidu offered support to Tamil Nadu, which had likewise been severely affected by the floods.  Chennai International Airport was partly reopened for cargo flights on 5 December, with passenger flights scheduled to resume from the following morning. Chennai residents are not unfamiliar with floods — on Nov. 9 and 10, 2015, the city was inundated after being lashed with heavy rain of 488 mm (19 inches), often described as a “once in a century” event. The water level at Chembarambakkam lake, which swelled and caused the 2015 floods in Chennai, reached 82.62 feet out of 85.40 feet with an inflow of 220 cusecs. Low pressure on Bay of Bengal last week changed into cyclone and there was continuous heavy rainfall at Chennai, Cuddalore, Pondicherry and some parts of Andhra Pradesh.  In addition, unplanned and often illegal urban development has led to many wetlands and natural sinks being built over; this, along with ageing civic infrastructure and poorly designed drainage systems, has resulted in an increased frequency of severe flooding.. Cyclone Nivar made landfall on Wednesday night and brought huge devastation including the falling of trees.  Since rain-related damage had continued even after the submission of a report on the earlier flooding in November, and also after the recent visit of a central government survey team, on 4 December the Puducherry government said it would submit a supplementary report assessing additional damages and requesting ₹1.5 billion (US$21 million) for a total relief-fund requirement of ₹3.33 billion (US$47 million). We only see land for buildings, not for water.  Haryana contributed ₹10 million (US$140,200) to Tamil Nadu from its disaster relief fund; Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar said the state would also donate ₹2.1 million (US$29,442) worth of blankets and bedding, and urged Haryana citizens to donate funds to Tamil Nadu through the state relief fund.  Due to rainfall in Tirunelveli district, all of its dams had reached or were approaching full capacity by 7 December, forcing local authorities to discharge thousands of cusecs of water from reservoirs and causing the Thamirabarani River to reach flood stage. Located along the banks of the Adyar River, the area had been among those worst affected by the floods. According to Javadekar, the recent extreme rainfall across the region was "highly localised" and could not be definitively attributed to the effects of climate-change.  Amongst several tribute songs, actor Vikram produced and directed a song titled "Spirit of Chennai" featuring several South Indian film actors and singers.  Prices of vegetables and fruits significantly increased, as over 50% of supplies were affected after numerous lorries were stranded. Compensation scales had also been set for losses of cotton, lentils and flowers.  The Chennai City Police mobilised over 10,000 police officers and trained swimmers, deploying drones across the city to locate upwards of 200 people, who were all rescued. In October 2013, Cyclone Nilam caused several deaths, including that of seafarers, in Chennai. Mosques around the affected parts of the city were opened for camping and shelter. , Heavy rainfall in Nellore, Chittoor and Kadapa districts flooded villages and disrupted transport networks.  Drains carrying surplus water from tanks to other wetlands had also been encroached upon, while city storm water drains were clogged and required immediate desilting. We have forgotten the art of drainage.  On 22 November, the central government released an initial ₹9,396 million (US$132 million) for immediate relief efforts in the state, sanctioning a further ₹10 billion (US$140 million) on 3 December. to submit revised memo to Centre", "Puducherry CM Rangasamy announces Rs 150 crore relief package for rain-hit Union Territory", "The Day Chennai Drowned: City Experiences 'Sunk Monday, "Indian Red Cross helps reunite families separated by worst flooding in decades", "Tamil Nadu government pegs flood damage at Rs 8,481 crore, CM Jayalalithaa writes to PM Modi", "Puducherry seeks Rs 182.45 crore immediate flood relief assistance", "AP CM asks Centre to release Rs 1,000 cr for relief operations", "Tamil Nadu's deadly rains hit industries hard", "Chennai floods are world's 8th most expensive natural disaster in 2015", "CAG terms 2015 Chennai floods a man-made disaster, holds T.N. The government also reported 1,544 hectares of sugarcane fields under cultivation had been damaged, along with 297.73 hectares of plantains, 231.9 hectares of tapioca and related tubers, 168.10 hectares of vegetable fields and eight hectares under betel-leaf cultivation. Kanchipuram Collector R.Gajalakshmi told reporters later that a total of 7,294 persons were rescued from inundated areas and accommodated in 26 shelters opened by the civic body.  The Southern Railways cancelled major train services and Chennai International Airport was closed until 6 December.  On 9 December, Chief Minister Jayalalithaa wrote to Prime Minister Modi, requesting him to immediately declare the "unprecedented, catastrophic and cataclysmic" flooding as a "national calamity. The mechanism is referred to as 'upstream blocking'. DMK leader M.K. Unlike during the regular monsoon, rainfall during the northeast monsoon is sporadic, but typically far exceeds the amount produced by the regular monsoon by up to 90 percent. The estimated production loss cost of BMW was about ₹2.5 billion (US$35 million) and Ford's was about ₹6 billion (US$84 million).  Uninterrupted power supply had been restored in 671 of the 683 village panchayats in Cuddalore district, with the remaining panchayats supplied with drinking water through tanker lorries. The NRDF deployed over 20 more teams in the Chennai area, and had rescued over 10,000 people in all by the afternoon.  General Dalbir Singh Suhag, the Chief of the Army Staff, flew to Chennai on 4 December to supervise the Army's rescue efforts; he and the General Officer Commanding, Dakshin Bharat Area, conducted an aerial reconnaissance. Amrit Sangma, Caritas India communication officer, said the organisation would provide food, wash kits and clothes to affected people with the support of four local partners. The Indian Air Force deployed four helicopters to airlift flood victims from inundated parts of Chennai city. The administration said that 618 houses had been damaged thus far and over 2,000 people evacuated to safe places.  State health authorities in Tamil Nadu reported post-flooding sanitation efforts had been successful, and that there had not been any flood-related outbreaks of disease. , Many flood victims across Chennai and Tamil Nadu protested ineffectual response and the lack of help from authorities. Javadekar said the Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and local assessments have indicated that extreme rainfall events will likely increase in frequency by the end of the 21st century. Mumbai | Chennai: Cyclone Nivar has forced several automakers to shut their factories in and around the Chennai automotive belt, at a time when they are busy meeting spill over demand from the festive period. Central government survey teams conducted studies on the extent on the flooding in early January. The corporation also announced that damaged roads would quickly be re-paved and previously shelved storm drain projects would resume.  Though relief efforts were well underway across most of the area by 3 December, the lack of any coordinated relief response in North Chennai forced thousands of its residents to evacuate on their own. ₹4,714,000 (US$66,000) was sanctioned to compensate for livestock and poultry losses. Yet we were scared after listening to the prediction on Tuesday morning, since my home is located on the ground floor and we cannot even go to our relative’s home with a kid amid the pandemic.”. The Marina beach area in Chennai was almost deserted in view of the cyclone. 92 mobile medical teams were deployed across Chennai on 4 December to tend to the needy, while 200 special medical camps became operational on 5 December, in addition to more than 210 camps already operating. Tamilisai mentioned the cleaning and de-silting of the Cooum River would allow it to divert large amounts of runoff during the monsoons. , Though rainfall from the earlier low pressure system ended on 24 November, another system developed on 29 November, bringing additional rain and the Indian Meteorological Department predicted heavy rainfall over Tamil Nadu until the end of the week. Over the years I have visited this beautiful city several times, most recently three weeks ago as these rains began." Over 10,000 people had been rescued by 14 to 27 November and dozens of relief camps established .  Tambram got worst of it, Puducherry sustained relatively minor damage in November as the depression largely remained offshore; some trees were downed and several banana and sugarcane plantations at Kuttchipalayam were severely damaged. Boats were used to rescue the people from inundated areas in Pillayarpalayam, the Collector said. Tirumala getting a heavy rainfall of 309mm along with Tirupathi with 148mm in 24 hours triggered a flood situation in Chittoor District. Following numerous complaints regarding the Tamil Nadu state government's lack of relief effort co-ordination, a public-interest litigation petition was filed in the Madras High Court; on 11 December, Chief Justice S.K. , The coastal districts of Andhra Pradesh usually bear the brunt of heavy rains that occur during the northeast monsoon; with numerous river systems and wetlands, Puducherry and eastern Tamil Nadu are prone to flooding. He said he was directing the Dalai Lama Trust to make a donation of ₹1.5 million (US$21,030) towards ongoing relief and rescue operations, as a token of his concern for those who had suffered from the catastrophe. Gujarat firmly stands with the people of Tamil Nadu during these testing times. The cyclone was likely to damage houses and roads, uproot power lines and trees and destroy crops along India's south east coast Hundreds of people in low lying areas in India's southern city of Chennai were evacuated and more than 150 relief centres were on … In Chennai, each of its lakes has a natural flood discharge channel which drains the spillover. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change, "Northeast monsoon claimed 470 lives in Tamil Nadu: Jayalalithaa", "How Many Lives Have Been Lost in Tamil Nadu Floods? , After the Tamil Nadu government announced a flood-relief package on 7 December, many flood survivors criticised it as meagre and "insulting." The timing of such propaganda is shocking. A further 3,039 hectares of horticultural crops were also damaged. In the chief minister's state assembly constituency of Dr. Radhakrishnan Nagar, flood victims heckled senior ministers Natham Viswanathan, Sellur Raju and Gokul Indira following their visit on 4 December, forcing them to make a hasty retreat. to flood-hit AP", "North T.N. Chennai: Chembarambakkam Reservoir nears 80 per cent capacity, 1000 cusecs water to be released - The decision to release water from the reservoir has been taken considering that it has … "The fact is that alleviation of inundation of flood water in Chennai city remains largely unachieved", it said. , In a letter to Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 19 November, Chief Minister Naidu reported preliminary estimates of flood-related damage in Andhra Pradesh included ₹12.5 billion (US$175 million) worth of agricultural-related damages and ₹10.25 billion (US$144 million) of damage to infrastructure; he requested central authorities to release ₹10 billion (US$140 million) for immediate relief efforts. At a subsequent press conference, Tamil Nadu Power Minister Natham Viswanathan and chief secretary Gnanadesikan claimed that relief and rescue work were in full swing and "extraordinary". , In Chennai, over 150,000 (150,000) street vendors sustained losses of over ₹3 billion (US$42 million). State records have shown the total area of 19 major lakes shrank from 1,130 hectares in the 1980s to around 645 hectares in the early 2000s, reducing their storage capacity. "Since the runway[s] [are] full of water, we have to send food and other basic amenities to the people stranded [at Chennai airport]", Naidu said, adding that he was moved by the "plight of ordinary people [in Tamil Nadu]". A round trip fare from Mumbai or New Delhi to Bangalore, Karnataka (the nearest accessible city to Chennai, Tamil Nadu) was sold by airlines like Jet Airways at rates of almost ₹100,000 (US$1,400), a trip which would have ordinarily cost between ₹10,000 (US$140) to ₹20,000 (US$280). The wind speed was around 100-120 kmph at the time of the cyclone making landfall. Indian real estate portal Commonfloor.com created links on its company website for people who need shelter or want to offer shelter. An additional 15 NDRF teams were planned to arrive in a day or two. Andhra Pradesh chief minister Chandrababu Naidu held a teleconference with the district collectors of affected districts and asked disaster response personnel to be on alert.  Film composer Anirudh Ravichander announced that proceeds from his Anirudh Live concert in Toronto would go to relief efforts in Chennai. Kancheepuram district registered the heaviest rainfall—183% higher at 181.5 cm as against average rainfall of 64 cm in October–December period and Tiruvallur district recorded 146 cm compared to average 59 cm of rain. aid for Chennai flood victims", "Tripura government to donate Rs. Many residents in those areas complained the authorities had insufficiently taken measures to prepare for the floods. Celebrities such as RJ Balaji, actor Siddharth and Chinmayi actively participated in the relief process by using social media to co-ordinate aid and gather information.  In March 2016, Chennai's Water Resources Department began work to revitalise and repair reservoirs in Poondi, Cholavaram, Red Hills and Chembarambakkam.  By 4 December, the IAF had established air bridges from Meenambakkam Airport to Arakonnam and between Arakonnam and Tambaram Air Base, nearly 30 km from Chennai; it had rescued over 200 people from both locations.  On 2 December, Prime Minister Narendra Modi discussed the ongoing flood situation with Home Minister Rajnath Singh and Finance Minister Arun Jaitley. In the middle of November 2015 and December first week Chennai and its surrounding districts is badly affected by heavy rainfall. " A survey conducted in the worst-affected districts of Chennai by a group of volunteer organisations between 15–30 December found that most families had lost their sources of livelihood, and that the amount of financial assistance was insufficient. CYCLONE NIVAR BARRELS TOWARDS TAMIL NADU, PUDUCHERRY. , On 5 December, district collector Manikandan said 173 relief centres had been opened in Puducherry and that those evacuated from low-lying areas had been moved to 22 relief centres. The Manjalneer Kalvai, primarily a flood drain channel for the city, overflowed after the Netteri lake breached on the Kancheepuram-Vellore Road in the wee hours of Friday, flooding the entire stretch of Gandhi Road and Munusamy Mudaliyar Avenue and forcing the police to close for traffic the prime junction Moongil Mandapam where the Gandhi Road joins with Vallal Pachaiyappan Salai. 1,000 cr for Tamil Nadu flood relief", "Production at Royal Enfield's Chennai plant hit by floods", "Chennai realty market faces Rs 30,000 crore loss post floods", "Flood-hit Industrial Belts Clamour for Aid", "Chennai floods: Insurance companies likely to face claims worth Rs 1,000 crore", "Insurance companies likely to face claims worth Rs 1,000 crore", "TN rains: New India Assurance pegs flood claims at Rs 500 crore", "Chennai floods: Insurance cos get Rs 4,800 cr claims", "After TCS, Wipro issues Q3 revenue warning over Chennai floods", "Chennai floods: Carmakers like Ford and BMW struggle to restart work after screeching halt", "Tamil Nadu rains: Mild showers expected in Chennai; death toll touches 79", "Indian Air Force (IAF) Winds up Relief and Rescue Operations in Flood Hit Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh", "Steps afoot to prevent disease outbreak in Tamil Nadu; 55,000 people screened", "Jaya wants Rs 2,000-cr immediate flood aid, gets Rs 940 cr for now", "Chennai: Rains stop, but residents continue to be in distress", "PM Modi Assures All Help as Century's Worst Rain Cripples Chennai", "Indian troops battle deadly flooding in Chennai", "Chennai rains: Police used drones to locate stranded people", "As 35 lakes breach their banks, Chennai goes under again", "1,500 stranded passengers being evacuated from Chennai airport", "Navy rushes amphibious ship to Chennai for relief ops", "PM Modi in Rain-Hit Chennai, Announces Immediate Relief of Rs. In a letter to Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Jayalalithaa on 4 December, he said, "Chennai was one of the Indian cities I visited when I first came to India in 1956 for the Buddha Jayanthi celebrations. Between 9 and 10 November 2015, Neyveli received 483 mm (19.0 in) of rainfall; rains continued to lash Cuddalore, Chidambaram, Tiruvallur , Kanchipuram and Chennai.  At the start of December, Puducherry reported receiving 83.4 centimetres of rain during November alone, as opposed to a normal average of 76.7 centimetres during the entire north-east monsoonal period from October to December.  On 26 November, the union territorial government submitted a preliminary estimate of damages to the central government, requesting it to release an initial ₹1.82 billion (US$26 million) for relief; based on preliminary estimates, Chief Minister Rangasamy reported losses as follows: public works (₹120.89 crore (US$17 million)), municipal administration (₹487 million (US$7 million)), agriculture (₹72 million (US$1 million)),  In one incident caught on video and widely broadcast on Tamil television, an AIADMK functionary mouthing expletives and accompanied by henchmen was seen intimidating volunteers from Bengaluru who were preparing food in Anna Nagar for distribution to flood-affected people; the cadre demanded 2,000 relief packets so he could be seen distributing them.  Nine shipments of bedding, carpets, biscuits, rice and fresh water packets totalling ₹35 million (US$490,700) were despatched by lorry to Tiruvallur district on 5 December by state Environment Minister Thoppu N Venkatachalam. Our home is very near the river Cooum and any spate will result in inundation of our homes and power shutdown added to the worry.”.  On 4 December, Andhra Pradesh Home Minister Nimmakayala Chinarajappa reported heavy infrastructural losses in Nellore and Chittoor districts, with heavy agricultural losses in Godavari district; he added that over 500,000 acres of standing crops had been destroyed, and that the state government had requested ₹37.5 billion (US$526 million) in immediate relief funds from the central government. " On 10 December, the Andhra Pradesh government sanctioned a donation of ₹100 million (US$1 million) towards flood relief in Tamil Nadu; the Tripura state government donated ₹10 million (US$140,200) towards flood relief on 15 December. The 2015 South India floods resulted from heavy rainfall generated by the annual northeast monsoon in November–December 2015. This excessive rainfall can be exacerbated by an El Nino of order of the magnitude which has since been evaluated to every year, such as 2015.  In February 2017, the Tamil Nadu government announced plans to desilt 12 waterbodies in Chennai at a cost of ₹140 million (US$2 million). 40 medical camps and 121 special camps for cattle stock had been constructed and 70 relief camps had distributed 58,000 food packets. The water overflowed into the depot.  Much of the city remained flooded on 17 November, though rainfall had largely ceased. From October to December each year, a very large area of south India, including Tamil Nadu, the coastal regions of the Andhra Pradesh and the union territory of Puducherry, receives up to 60 percent of its annual rainfall from the northeast monsoon (or winter monsoon). , The AIADMK received heavy public criticism following reports of party workers pasting photographs of party leader and Tamil Nadu chief minister Jayalalithaa on relief materials, erecting banners and posters praising her, allegedly halting relief shipments en route to Chennai to paste her photos on relief packages and threatening volunteers.  On 1 December, heavy rains led to inundation in many areas of Chennai. , Heavy rains resumed on 2 December, adding to the devastation in Nellore and Chittoor districts, with more rains forecast over the ensuing days; Chittoor district received between 50–160 mm of rainfall. 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