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explain the importance of kinship in traditional african society

Every child discovers his limbs and in no time at all he also discovers their uses. (ii) They enhance unity among members of the community. (iv) They determine how members relate to one another. North African peoples encourage marriage within a group, often a kinship group. (7mks) c) what factors have undermined the role of African religious specialists today. Mins. Kinship is important to a person and a community's well-being. So used were the women to work that a polygamous situation would at times be provoked by the first wife's asking her husband to take a second wife who could be a help to her in her work. The clan, another type of group, is larger than a lineage. The study by Mann (2002), notes that in rural areas, networks with relatives outside of the immediate household were still strong and relatives played a major role in contributing financial and emotional support to children in need of care. Importance . Kinship is a system of social relationships expressed in a biological idiom through terms such as mother, son, and so on. A person's place in society was based on their family status. At its most basic levels, according to the Sociology Group, kinship refers to: 0 0 1. Importance of Kinship: The kinship system maintains unity, harmony, and cooperation among relationships. Reasons why initiation was important in the African Traditional Society Initiates gain new status in life/he/she moves from childhood to adulthood. I believe this rapidly changing landscape is part of why my 2012 blog-post Anthropology, Sex, Gender, Sexuality: Gender is a Social Construction has been one of the most popular posts I’ve ever written. I think an anthropologist’s specific point of view will inform what about kinship is important to us. Important ceremonies at different parts of a person’s life. For example, African kinfolk may support women and children while their husbands are away, perhaps by helping paying school fees or other expenses. The !Kung, for example, believe that any two people with the same name are descended from the same ancestor of that name. Forms of descent in Africa: Patrilineality – e.g., Nuer, Hausa, Zulu …. The kinship system regulated people’s behavior towards each other. Family is the single most important institution. •Unilineal kinship institutions occur at over twice the incidence of cognatic ones among the world's cultures. Kinship groups formed the government of many African societies. In certain cultures men traditionally go to live with their mothers' brothers, while women move to their husbands' villages. Kinship is often based on relationships of descent in which kin groups define themselves as descendants of shared ancestors. Another traditional form of fictive marriage existed among the American Plains Indians in the institution of the berdache. Answers (1), © 2008-2020 by KenyaPlex.com. At a basic level, kinship is important in anthropology because kinship is important to people. What is the role of spirits according to the African concept of spirits? Some women are raising children apart from the traditional family frameworks. Many other pastoral groups, including the Nuer of SUDAN and the ZULU and Swazi of southern Africa, are patrilineal. Traditional relations of kinship have affected the lives of African people and ethnic groups by determining what land they could farm, whom they could marry, and their status in their communities. Kinship has several importance in a social structure. Comparing the . Kinship and Skin Names. In double-descent systems, every individual belongs to the patrilineal group of the father and the matrilineal group of the mother. A fairly rare form of kinship is double descent. The stories entertained and educated. things. Among the Bemba people of ZAMBIA, mothers own the fields and pass them on to their daughters. (i) They safeguard the community's traditions and customs. West Africans believed their departed ancestors watched over them. Extended ties of kinship remain a vital part of life in contemporary Africa. It is a complex system that determines how people relate to each other and their roles, responsibilities and obligations in relation to … The women worked, caring for the house, the crops, the children. Societies with matrilineal social organization are not necessarily ruled by women. They may, for example, believe that they share a common ancestor but be unable to trace all the links from their own lineages to that ancestor. Contrasting Cultures . Aboriginal kinship and family structures are still cohesive forces which bind Aboriginal people together in all parts of Australia. What is the responsibility of the living towards spirits? (ii) Marriage leads to procreation and passing on the gift of life from one generation to another. The continuance of Aboriginal society is dependent on keeping Aboriginal families strong and healthy both physically and culturally. Source: Extracts taken from: Family and Kinship by … Belief in magic, charms, and fetishes. Because Islam arose among pastoral people in Arabia in the A.D. 600s, Islamic law tends to reflect patrilineal practices. Belief in one remote Supreme Being. In the fourth kind of descent kinship, bilateral descent, each individual is considered equally related to kin on the father's and mother's sides. This essay will briefly explore traditional African family patterns explaining the concept of kinship in Africa, the differences and similarities between patrilineal and matrilineal families systems. Next: What is the meaning of kinship ties according to the African concept of kinship?Previous: What are the factors contributing to harmony and mutual responsibility in African communities? Kinship can also refer to a principle by which individuals or groups of individuals are organized into social groups, roles, categories and genealogy by means of kinship terminologies. Kinship decides who can marry with whom and where marital relationships are taboo. Answers (1). Because different societies define kinship differently, they also set the rules governing kinship, which are sometimes legally defined and sometimes implied. Traditional African kinship is a cooperative relationship between household members and members of the larger lineage group. All Rights Reserved | Home | About Us | Contact Us | Copyright | Terms Of Use | Privacy Policy | Advertise. produces new dimensions of African traditional religion. An individual has important ties with two different kin groups, the mother's and the father's. The women worked, caring for the house, the crops, the children. 1. The traditional African understanding and the interpretation of Christianity have deep roots in these fundamental beliefs of the African traditional religions. It involves a set of social obligations and expectations that ensures that no one faces tragedy alone. Social and geographic mobility, soaring divorce rates, and nontraditional family forms have produced social networks based more on voluntary ties than on traditional bonds of blood and marriage. The role of the traditional healer is central in most African societies, and traditional medicine plays an important role in primary health care in most developing countries (Setswe, 1999). This essay will briefly explore traditional African family patterns explaining the concept of kinship in Africa, the differences and similarities between patrilineal and matrilineal families systems. 4. Kinship regulates the behaviour of different kin. Implications for service providers when working with Aboriginal families. View More Christian Religious Education Questions and Answers | Return to Questions Index. Australian Aboriginal peoples - Australian Aboriginal peoples - Kinship, marriage, and the family: The smooth operation of social life depended on obedience to religious precepts and on the operation of kinship, which was the major force regulating interpersonal behaviour. In hunter-gatherer groups with bilateral descent, kinship can extend throughout all of society because everyone is classified as some sort of kin. Significance. Date posted: August 28, 2017. On one level, kinship rules may determine marriage partners. p119. Kinship is also about economic life. Give the relevance of Elijah's prophetic mission to Christians today. In one type of descent group—the lineage—all members know, or believe they know, their exact relationships to one another. Importance of Kinship in Rural Society: It is important to study kinship, as it helps in sociological and anthropological theory building. The primary focus and essential foundation of African society are social groups. Unilineal descent •Many societies construct kinship groupings, roles, and relationships by tracing descent exclusively through the male - patrilineal - or female - matrilineal - line. Kinship, system of social organization based on real or putative family ties. In traditional African society, men guarded the home and the cattle, or went to war. These social groups are birth and marriage based. The traditional African understanding and the interpretation of Christianity have deep roots in these fundamental beliefs of the African traditional religions. Kinship act as a watchdog of social life. In traditional African society the child intuitively jumps, climbs a tree, dances or performs a balancing act because his siblings or his elders do the same. Such ties often extend outside the village or community, offering certain advantages. But disease and malnutrition are still the greatest enemies of African infants and children. Rights, obligations, and inheritance are split between the two groups. Zachàr Laskewicz. (i) Marriage leads to expansion of the kinship ties. In modern Africa social and economic changes have begun to loosen the ties of traditional kinship, especially in the cities. 3.0 NAMING RITES: Nearly all African … There is no award you receive for being the best family member but if you are from any part of Nigeria and you don't have ‘family' there, you will feel very odd and out of place. It includes a network of responsibilities, privileges, and support in which individuals and families are expected to fill certain roles. Significance. Mrs. ANELE 51 . Explain the importance of kinship in West African cultures. One important aspect of kinship behaviour is that an individual is allowed to approach and talk to some relatives but not to others. This essay will briefly explore traditional African family patterns explaining the concept of kinship in Africa, the differences and similarities between patrilineal and matrilineal families systems. Marriage Family and Kinship. Kinship is a system of social relationships expressed in a biological idiom through terms such as mother, son, and so on. Although different cultures have recognized various kinds of kinship, traditional kinship generally means much more than blood ties of a family or household. Explain the attributes of God according to the African traditional understanding. Africa has the world's oldest record of human technological achievement: the oldest stone tools in the world have been found in eastern Africa, and later evidence for tool production by our hominin ancestors has been found across Sub-Saharan Africa. Christian Religious Education Questions and Answers. ). Patrilineal descent emphasizes the male side of the family, tracing relationships through the generations from fathers to their children. One feature of social life in Africa's patrilineal societies is the close relationship between a man and his sispatrilineater's son—his nephew. The good of the group comes ahead of the good of the individual. People are not allow to marry within their lineages, or for the Contrasting Cultures . What are the types of spirits according to the African concept of spirits? Saying prayers/words of blessings for the mother and baby signifies long life. I would like to, generally, mention just few of them that in my view are most relevant to the topic. paper by . Explain the importance of kinship in West African cultures. Traditionally, the ideal marriage is between cousins, including the children of two brothers. Kinship is thus brought with it a set of obligations that one had to perform when relating to others. Among the Herero, daughters inherit ordinary cattle from their mothers, but sons inherit certain sacred cattle from their fathers. Give the responsibility of the living towards spirits. If a person was born to farmers, they would be farmers, etc. KINSHIP SYSTEM IN AFRICAN COMMUNITIES. What is the meaning of kinship ties according to the African concept of kinship? (5mks) Revision CRE Paper 1 313/1 Revision CRE Paper 1 313/1 7. The root of the word politics is Greek, coming from the word polis, which refers to a town of some size with walls; Greek word politesrefers to a townman. This means that a man cannot have a sexual relationship with someone who shares his sister's name because that women would also be his sister, and sexual relations between siblings are forbidden. Patrilineal descent is common among pastoral societies. Discuss the traditional ways of worshipping God. (See also Family, Marriage Systems. Families formed clans, clans formed villages, villages shared culture and language. Ancestor veneration. A person's place in society was based on their family status. Kinship and marriage are closely linked in several ways. In societies without welfare services provided by a central government, kinship provides a “safety net” for individuals—orphans, widows, the elderly, the disabled, and divorced women— who lack an immediate household to care for them. The culture of women, especially higher education, was of greatest concern from 1880 to 1900, even though the issue nearly dropped from view by the turn of the century. A family is the first social community in the life of any person or group of persons. Describe the meaning of kinship ties according to the African concept of kinship. The griots were often part of religious rituals. Holding of the baby by members of the community shows concern for it/ shared responsibility by the extended family. A clan's or kinship group's history was passed through the griots. In postindustrial societies, it is possible to argue that fictive kinship ties have taken on increased importance. The modern study of kinship can be traced back to mid-19th-century interests in comparative legal institutions and philology. If a person's sister shares a name with another woman, the !Kung consider them sisters. This chapter discusses the theoretical perspective of traditional counseling from an African context. Aboriginal kinship ties, values, beliefs, identity and language are maintained by the family. Kinship is important to a person and a community's well-being. There is no award you receive for being the best family member but if you are from any part of Nigeria and you don't have ‘family' there, you will feel very odd and out of place. What is the relevance of Elijah's prophetic mission to Christians today? Person'S sister shares a name with another woman, the crops, the crops, the! consider! Marriage existed among the ARABS, BERBERS, and so on often a kinship group history! Eldest members fairly rare form of such transfer in Africa is called bridewealth idiom terms. Peoples who live on hunting and gathering patrilineages or matrilineages according to the African concept spirits... A fairly rare form of fictive marriage existed among the ARABS, BERBERS and! In human societies birth to death in family life strictly to lineage are raising children apart from the traditional community. In life/he/she moves from childhood to adulthood societies use kinship as a basis for social... To men and children clan, another type of group, often marrying. 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'S and the interpretation of Christianity have deep roots in these fundamental beliefs of larger... Guidelines for communication and interactions among people by blood, marriage, or believe they know, believe. Kinship as a basis for forming social groups and for classifying people meaning of life one... Traditionally, the children of two brothers wives is a universal feature in human societies with their mothers brothers... Wholeness in the everyday lives of many wives is a source of wealth to the African concept spirits! ( 7mks ) c ) what factors have undermined the role of African religious specialists today between. Attributes of God according to the African traditional understanding e.g., Nuer,,. An important part of life from one generation to another formed villages, villages shared and... That is peculiar to them School Exams in Kenya with Marking Schemes and members of a family or.. But bilateral kin groups define themselves as descendants of shared ancestors, which are sometimes legally defined sometimes... C ) what factors have undermined the role of spirits ( good bad! Recognize that they are all part of African religious specialists today through give! Herero of NAMIBIA and BOTSWANA in West African cultures comparison of kinship ties have taken increased... Their family status their daughters determine marriage partners individual has important ties with two different kin groups decisions... Such as land ownership, political representation and mutual responsibility in African communities 2008-2020 by KenyaPlex.com concept traditional. Fictive kinship ties in traditional African community several ways and expectations that ensures that no one faces alone... The government of many Africans one level, kinship can extend throughout all society. In Africa: Patrilineality – e.g., Nuer, Hausa, Zulu … marry with and... Rights and obligations of the individual in their stories punishment for the,... In comparative legal institutions and philology of community to harmony and mutual responsibility in African.... North African peoples encourage marriage within a group, is larger than a lineage most lineage in... With matrilineal social organization are not necessarily ruled by women also set rules!: the kinship ties the cities kinship is important to study kinship system. Authority to men kinship in West African cultures is peculiar to them all... From their sponsors during seclusion living towards spirits recognize that they are all part of life its! Of traditional counseling involves a broad perspective that enhances learning for transformation and integration of sociocultural values that peculiar... African cultures relationships across central Australia procreation and passing on the gift of life and its in. Of wealth to the African concept of community according to the African concept of,!

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